Blog designed for my science students but also open to anyone interested in basic experimental science. A place to read more about science, go over the experiments we do in the class, read about new and old science discoveries, publish your topics and projects and lots more.
ESO 2 STUDENTS: 1. CLICK ON THE RED LINK TO DOWNLOAD THE PERIDODIC TABLE YOU WILL NEED FOR THE UPCOMING CHEMISTRY CLASSES. PLEASE PRINT A COPY AND STICK IT IN YOUR NOTEBOOK. CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD 2. DON'T FORGET TO BRING YOUR CHEMISTRY BOOK IN JANUARY, YOU CAN LEAVE YOUR BIOLOGY BOOK AT HOME FOR NOW.
Our students have collected the used oil from the school's kitchen to make hand made soap. The disposal of this used oil is often a difficult task, just pouring it down the drain may seem like a simple solution but it can have terrible and expensive consequences for the environment. Fat in drains can lead to blocked pipes, sewer blockages in municipal lines and if it ends up in nature, in rivers, lakes or the sea it has a very negative impact on the environment.
One of the solutions is to turn these fats into other things. There are many countries that offer recycling programs for safe cooking oil disposal to later change the oil into biodiesel, candles, dog treats and soaps.
Our students worked very hard to bring the used school's kitchen oil to the laboratory and distribute it into smaller containers to make it easier to handle during the soap making process. In the following pictures you can see the soap making process. These students spent many hours making soap, often during their morning and lunch breaks. The project was presented at the school's Science Fair where the soaps were sold. The money collected was handed to the school's charity project.
Saponification is the process by which triglycerides react with sodium or potassium hydroxide (lye) and produce glicerol and a fatty acid salt , called soap. The triglycerides are most often animal fats or vegetable oils. When sodium hydroxide is used, a hard soap is produced. Using potassium hydroxide results in a soft soap.
The chemical reaction between any fat and sodium hydroxide is a saponification reaction.